Rastafarianism - A short history
When Did The Rastafarian Faith Begin?
The Rastafarian faith belief emerged around 936 BC when Menelik I, son of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba returned from Jerusalem after visiting his father, King Solomon. Menelik I took the Ark of the Covenant back to Ethiopia with the belief that the king is the personification of God to be worshipped as the Anointed One, The Christ, and The Messiah (A. Foxe). Menelik I and Joshua the Christ are descendants of King Solomon. Because Joshua is known as the Son of God, therefore as kinsman the Ethiopian kings are also known as the Son of God and therefore God and King to their people (Kebra Nagast). This fulfils Genesis 49:8: Judah,thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise. It also fulfils Isaiah 9:6: “unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, and The Prince of Peace."
In the late fourteenth century the belief was resurrected by the Zara Yacobites, who were taken to Jamaica as vanquished prisoners of war by the Spanish /Portuguese during the war with the Arabs. In 1464 the Yacobites were fighting for the liberation of Ethiopia. On the 2nd of November 1930, 92 years after the Emancipation of slavery in Jamaica (1838), descendants of the Yacobites emerged preaching the doctrine of the divinity of Haile Selassie I, as the God of Ethiopia, who should be revered by humanity (A. Foxe).